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Drainage Services

What is the drainage for?

Sometimes the ground may be filled with too much water due to rain, irrigation, or any other reason. In this situation, a method called drainage is used to remove the remaining water from the ground

drainage system

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advantages and disadvantages of drainage

The importance and benefits of using a drainage system:

  • Proper soil aeration
  • Reduction of soil and nutrients caused by runoff
  • Prevent soil erosion
  • Use of drainage water in times of drought and heat
  • Reducing the risks of landslides on hillsides
  • Preventing the accumulation of salts in the root area of the plant
  • Control and prevent salinization of the land
  • Flood control
  • Protection of the environment
  • Health and public health
  • Protection of public buildings and facilities
  • Rural development and food security

the most important disadvantages of drainage system

  • Expensive study and implementation
  • Washing and removal of some useful soil salts along with harmful ones
  • Loss of natural grass in the area
  • Destroying the natural ecosystem of the area due to the decrease in humidity and as a result, the area becomes unlivable for some creatures such as birds due to the decrease in humidity.
  • Occupying part of the agricultural land and dividing the land into separate parts
  • Increased risk of fire

 

The drainage system has different components

    • Collector system
    • Drain system
    • Deviation system
    • Control system
    • pipes

    The necessary quality for the components of the drainage system is not enough, the correct functioning of the drainage system depends on its correct and principled implementation, which does not happen with every installation.

Reuse of water drains

  • The increasing need for food and the increase in the production of agricultural products and as a result the increase in demand for water on the one hand and the harmful environmental effects of agricultural water drainage on natural ecosystems and receiving water resources on the other hand, have led the world to search for methods and techniques that, along with reducing the harmful and unfortunate consequences of draining water, provide the possibility of reusing it to meet part of human needs.

    In many areas that face a shortage of water for irrigation, drains are used to meet the water needs of crops. Reuse is only useful if the drain is of good and acceptable quality.

    The reuse of drain water should be investigated and evaluated both in terms of environmental and non-environmental effects for the short and long term. In areas with limited irrigation resources, drains can be used as a new and complementary water source. However, it is the quality of drainage water that determines what crops can be irrigated with that water.

    Highly saline water drains cannot be used to irrigate salinity-sensitive crops but can be used to irrigate salinity-resistant crops and trees. In a place where an irrigation network is located near a natural reservoir, the corresponding drain can be reused in the same reservoir.

    In any case, the necessary precautions should be taken so that the quality of the water drain does not harm the fish, water birds, and other living things in the reservoir, and also the amount of water passing through the reservoir is sufficient to prevent the spread of toxic substances in it.

    Other valuable practical cases in the topic of reuse and direct drainage are as follows:

    • Reuse for salinary crops and forestry
    • Reuse in a natural wetland
    • The drain can be used for wildlife or irrigation of natural wetland species.
    • Reuse of surface water drain
    • Most of the collected surface water drains are used for flood catchers in early autumn.
    • Reuse of subsurface water drain

    In areas where contamination with rare elements is not desired. The saltwater drain can be used to produce a productive natural habitat in the catchment.

Types of drainage systems

From different points of view, drains are divided into different types. If the type of water drain is of interest in terms of surface or subsurface, drains are divided into two categories: surface and subsurface drains.

In situations where drainage structures are of interest, drains are divided into two categories: open drains and tubular (underground) drains, which in the latter case also include vertical drainage (drainage well). It is important to pay attention to the fact that open drains, in addition to draining surface water, also drain the soil profile. Each drainage system has components that include different water structures depending on the type of system.

Surface drainage system: It is the most used for wet areas and because rainfall accumulates on the surface of the earth, this system is used as wide and shallow channels (passable stream network) so that machines can easily move over it.

Underground drainage system: It is in the form of a deep open channel up to a depth of about 2 meters or underground piping. Underground drainage can be vertical as well (drilling a well). Underground drainage pipes are in pieces, which are either simple or male and female.

Therefore, in summary, drainage systems can be divided into the following

  1. open drain
  2. tubular drain

These drains are found in three types:

  1. Bush body (clay)
  2. Plastic
  3. Cement
  4. Mouse nest drain (Mole drain)
  5. vertical drain (well)
  6. buffer drain

Choosing the best type of drain is one thing, installing it is another thing that is far more important.

Because if the installer is not professional and does not do his job correctly, it can cause many problems for the garden, and these problems may be identified at the beginning of the work, and sometimes they may show themselves after the passage of time. Also after installing the drainage system, it is very important to control the system.

At Majic Company, we are ready to provide drain installation services with the most professional installers and personnel and we can do your work with a high guarantee.

Frequently asked Question

Because of the need for buried drainage pipes, Drainage systems are most easily installed at the same time the landscape and irrigation system is installed. However, it may also be added later.

Excess water due to heavy rains or over-irrigation can cause substantial damage to both property and plants. Standing water is also a breeding area for mosquitoes. A well-designed drainage system will allow this excess water to be quickly removed from critical areas to stormwater sewers, street curbs, or other areas where it may leach into the soil without causing damage.

All run-off water may be collected in rain tanks or other suitable storage systems for future use.